Citizenship Application

1. Eligibility

To be eligible to become a Canadian,

you must:

  • be a permanent resident
  • be 18 years of age or older; for minors (persons under the age of 18) the application form should be completed by their parent or guardian
  • have lived in Canada for 3 out of the last 5 years (at least 1095 days immediately before the date of application)
  • have filed taxes in Canada for at least 3 years during the last 5 years before applying
  • write the citizenship test (if you are 18 to 54 years of age) to show have well you know Canada (history, geography, economy, government, laws, symbols) and the rights and responsibly of Canadians, pass mark is 15 correct answers out of 20 questions
  • prove your language skills in English or French: meet the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) Level 4 or higher (if you are 18 to 54 years of age)

 

you must not:

  • be under a removal order
  • be on parole or on probation or serving a term of prisonment in Canada or outside Canada
  • have had a citizenship application refused for misrepresentationin the past five years
  • have had your Canadian citizenship revokedbecause of fraud in the past ten years
  • have been convicted of an indictable offencein Canada or an offence under the Citizenship Act, or an equivalent offence outside Canada in the four years before you apply
  • have been convicted of terrorism, war crimes, or crimes against humanity, etc

 

Canadian Language Benchmarks Level 4 (CLB 4) means the language ability to:

  • take part in short, everyday conversations about common topics
  • understand simple instructions, questions and directions
  • use basic grammar, including simple structures and tenses
  • show you know enough common words and phrases to answer questions and express yourself

 

CLB 4 is equivalent to the following official language test results:

  • CELPIP 4 in all 4 language abilities (Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing)
  • NCLC 4 (French) in all 4 language abilities
  • IELTS: Listening: 4.5; Speaking:4.0; Reading: 3.5; Writing:4.0

 

2. Documents to bring to the citizenship test:

  • the notice inviting you to the test
  • Permanent Resident (PR) card (it doesn't matter if it's expired or still valid)
  • 2 pieces of personal identification (ID)
    • one piece of ID must have your photograph and signature, for example: driver’s licence or health card
    • foreign ID documents must begovernment-issued, Canadian ones don’t need to be government-issued
    • if they’re not in English or French, you must provide a translation with an affidavit from the translator
  • all the original documents that support your citizenship application, as listed in the document checklist for your citizenship application form
  • all your passports and travel documents, current and expired, that you listed on the application form

3. Documents to bring to the citizenship ceremony:

  • your ceremony notice
  • a signed copy of the Permission Release and Consent form (included with the notice)
  • permanent resident card if you have one (even if it’s expired) or Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM5292 or IMM5688)
  • Record of Landing (IMM 1000) if you became a permanent resident before June 28, 2002
  • 2 pieces of personal identification (ID)
    • one piece of ID must have your photograph and signature, for example: driver’s licence, health card or permanent resident card
    • foreign ID documents must begovernment-issued, Canadian ones don’t need to be government-issued
    • if they’re not in English or French, you must provide a translation with an affidavit from the translator
    • minors are not required to show identification with a signature
  • all your passports and travel documents, current and expired, that you listed on the application form
  • optional: a holy book, of your choice, if you want to use one to swear the Oath of Citizenship

 

4. The Oath of Citizenship

 The Oath of Citizenship

 The Oath of Citizenship is a statement recited and signed by those who apply to become citizens of Canada. Administered at a ceremony presided over by a designated official, the oath is a promise or declaration of fealty (which is considered a legally binding oral and written contract ) to the Canadian monarch and a promise to abide by Canada's laws and uphold the duties of a Canadian citizen; upon signing the oath, citizenship is granted to the applicant. It's current version in English is as follows:

 

I swear (or affirm) that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, Her Heirs and Successors, and that I will faithfully observe the laws of Canada and fulfil my duties as a Canadian citizen.

 

5. Application Process:

  • Prepare documents
  • Submit application package
  • Prepare for citizenship test
  • Take citizenship test and go to an interview with a citizenship official
  • Receive an invitation (if you pass the test) for the citizenship ceremony
  • Take the Oath of Citizenship at a citizenship ceremony and receive your citizenship certificate
  • Apply for a Canadian passport (at least 2 days after the citizenship ceremony)

 

6. Canadian Passport:

Canadian passport is the only legal document that enables Canadians to exit or re-enter Canada freely. They are normally valid for 5 or 10 years for persons 16 years of age and older, and 5 years for children under 16.

 

On July 1, 2013, Passport Canada started issuing a new electronic passport , or ePassport, which has an electronic microprocessor chip embedded in the book making it more sophisticated and secure.

 

7. Citizenship Application Fees:

  • Citizenship grant:
  • Adult (18 and older) $630
  • Minor (under 18) $100

8. Processing time:

  • 12 months